Tag Archives: reactive dogs

“Reactivity” and how to upset other dogs


You are a very sociable person. You were raised in a large family.  They often had friends round.You love people ūüôā

wren whoosh and a bc
Getting to know each other – safely

Then as you were beginning to grow up and maybe even reached your teens, you were given away to a family of camels. Yes, camels. An entirely different species. They don‚Äôt hug or kiss or chat. They don‚Äôt talk to you in any kind of language you can understand ‚Äď just a load of noises which make no sense to you. They stink too. Worse, they live in the desert, so from that day you don‚Äôt see another human being. But you get along OK. You adapt. It‚Äôs not a terrible life. Then one day, meandering about in the desert with your new camel family, you see on the horizon not just ONE human being, but a whole bunch of them! You can‚Äôt contain yourself. You charge over to them, laughing excitedly and generally making something of an idiot of yourself as you shout ‚ÄėHI! HI! OMG! People! Who are you?‚Äô You hug and kiss a couple before they are really aware you are on top of them. But the third one is ready for you ‚Äď and pushes you away angrily. After all ‚Äď you are a complete stranger. You not only ignored all the social niceties of a proper greeting ‚Äď you HUGGED him?? He gets cross.¬† At least the others just move away and put up with your nonsense. But that one who just got angry ‚Äď he‚Äôs not prepared to let it go. He‚Äôs a bad tempered old bugger with a dodgy hip; he can‚Äôt evade you and it hurts. And you nearly had him over! He gets hold of you and shouts at you to ‚Äėstop!‚Äô¬† Suddenly all your enthusiasm evaporates. You are frightened. You had never met anyone as grumpy as that before and you were only trying to be friendly and you hadn‚Äôt seen a fellow human being in ages.

Very quickly your camel family gallops up and intervenes and hurries you away. But mortified by your totally inappropriate behaviour, and angry with the grumpy old man who’d so viciously attacked you, it is clear they are upset as well. They make angry-camel noises at you. All very stressful. No chance for apologies. No making up between you and the humans you were so desperate to make friends with.  Everyone is angry and there’s a sour taste of frustration that you hadn’t been able to make friends with any of them and worse, finding out that some people are horrible to you. And you don’t know why. A poor encounter on every level.

So we can easily see how a young dog is being set up to make the kind of mistakes that can end in tears when encounters with other dogs are mismanaged, or allow him to behave in a way that upsets other dogs.  But worse than that, if something bad happens, what we humans do in response often compound those worries and fears. Our friend who lives with the camels wasn‚Äôt given the opportunity to learn actually most of that group of humans were OK, but, well, if you approach people in a crazy way, they are very likely to going to react badly, especially if they can‚Äôt move fast to get out of your way! 

Both our human friend and the grumpy old man might get labelled ‚Äúreactive‚ÄĚ in today‚Äôs world. The friendly youngster as he jumps up and down with excitement, shouting hello as he charges towards the group of people; the grumpy old man as he reacts sharply, and aggressively, to stop from being hurt or knocked over.¬† Very different motivations; potentially very different outcomes in the long term that might have been avoided had things been managed differently.

I’m a Lumberjack and I’m OK…

Older Brits will recall the cheery Monty Python Lumberjack Song. “I’m a lumberjack and I’m OK…” is how it starts off. Visions of plaid shirted friendly toilers of the earth (well, forest) wielding axes may not seem like an obvious analogy to help us understand dog behaviour, but bear with me.

Imagine…you are in a strange place. A man appears. You pause to observe him. He looks at you. He¬†is waving a VERY large axe about. What happens next? Do you go to him and say hello in a friendly fashion, or run away screaming?

How do you decide if he is a friendly lumberjack just limbering up or a mad axeman intent on parting your head from your body?

THAT Is a situation we might be putting our dogs in every time we take them out and they meet other dogs.

The extensions to this analogy are numerous. If you live in Canada, in a forest, and you know your neighbours employ lots of men to chop down trees you are already going to be predisposed to believing any axe-wielder is a safe and friendly lumberjack, not an axe murderer.

But if you are visiting a strange place Рsay an empty and isolated old house in the middle of nowhere, not expecting to meet anyone, then your first responses might be very different. What if you had seen the film the Shining? Images of a crazed Jack Nicholson clearly focused on you, heading in your direction, chopping through doorways in his attempts to reach you, are likely to produce primitive fight/flight responses!

What influences our responses is complicated. Our past experience – good and bad, make a difference. If we are raised¬†to believe all¬†people wielding axes are friendly lumberjacks, we could come very unstuck if we go up to the one who is a ‘Mad Axeman’¬†to say hello. But on the other hand if we believe all axe-wielders are ‘Mad Axemen’¬†and react with aggression to get him to stop his attack then we are in danger of assaulting every lumberjack we meet.

If in the past we have had personal experience of being attacked by a ‘Mad Axeman’, and KNOW (for a fact) that some men wielding axes can be highly¬†dangerous (OK – I accept the analogy falls over a bit here as its doubtful you’d survive the experience to learn anything much from it…) then the chances of us feeling kindly towards anyone we suspect might be a ‘Mad Axeman’ are slim.

We need experience of observing and judging the difference between the two, safely. We need to know which are the safe axe wielders, and the unsafe ones. Whilst there are few ‘Mad Axemen’ out there, we (as are¬†dogs) are hard wired to be suspicious of things that we haven’t learned are safe.

But therein lies problems in handling our dogs in the real world where they see¬†dogs without¬†knowing if they are the doggy equivalent of a ‚ÄėMad Axeman‚Äô or a nice friendly lumberjack. It perhaps raises more dilemmas than answers. Should we expose our dogs to ‘Mad Axemen’ in a safe way so they observe and learn not to go up and to¬†not¬†give them a friendly hug? Or learn what signs of aggressive intent mean, delivered in a less extreme way? Or do we want our puppies to grow up naively unaware that there are bad guys out there?

In theory in would be great if our dogs knew they were safe because they’ve learned to put their trust in¬†the human holding the lead – but in reality most reactive dogs have learned the hard way that human judgements about such things often fall short of ideal and they (we!) make mistakes.

Helping¬†a dog that appears to believe all axe wielders are ‘Mad Axemen’ to realise there are in fact a lot of friendly lumberjacks out there is an invaluable lesson. That the ‘Mad Axeman’ is the exception, not the rule. The trouble is they largely (understandably) don’t want to hang about or prolong the encounter in order to find that out. Usually we cannot know why these dogs perceive other dogs as ‘Mad Axemen’ and sometimes its hard to know if they are truly scared since signals when dogs are aroused can be confusing and unclear.

But one thing that our dogs must¬†learn from us is that¬†they are safe when they see what they believe is the doggy equivalent of a man wielding an axe – that whilst it will be helpful to learn the difference so they don’t need to panic any more, they¬†need to know their owners aren’t going to force them closer or expose them to them in a way which neither¬†allows safe, thoughtful observation nor the possibility¬†of escape. ¬†Allow neither then don’t be surprised if he reacts just as you would if you found yourself trapped in a room with¬†a Mad Axeman!



“Reactivity” – what’s in a label?

In recent years it has become common for dog trainers to use the word ‘reactive’ to describe some dogs’ unwanted, noisy, lunging behaviour that they show towards¬†other dogs. But what does ‘reactive’¬†actually mean? Most definitions agree that ‘reactive’¬†means “showing a response to a stimulus”. Well, the so-called ‘reactive’, lunging barking dog is certainly doing that!¬†But does it help to describe that as reactive? Well, perhaps. if It tells us that the dog has noticed¬†something (the “stimulus”) and has reacted to that.

However, the word in itself¬†fails to describe how¬†a dog has reacted. If a dog reacts by wagging its tail and gently sniffing the other dog – that’s a reaction. If it looks, then turns and walks away that is also a reaction. Both can quite legitimately and accurately be¬†labelled as ‘reactive’. If a dog¬†barks, lunges, snaps or snarls at that other dog those are also reactions. ¬†What should be of most concern to any dog trainer or behaviourist is if¬†a¬†dog doesn’t react¬†in any way at all when it sees another dog!

But the term ‘reactive’ has evolved to cover the kinds of reactions that tend to be seen as difficult or unacceptable to owners, trainers and Joe Public alike. The barking lunging dog is often labelled as ‘reactive’. The label ‘reactive’¬†doesn’t¬†attempt to ascribe motivation (which is fine – since we can’t always work that out). Special classes which state they are for¬†‘reactive’ dogs are increasingly common now but I have yet to meet one that means it’s for dogs that react to other dogs by turning and wandering away in a benign and bored way. It invariably¬†means it is for dogs that behave in a way that is perceived as ‘bad’.¬†

Perhaps it doesn’t matter, Using¬†words¬†to make a problem behaviour appear more acceptable¬†is¬†a sensitive and sometimes necessary way¬†to help distressed owners who are upset at their dog’s behaviour. Maybe it is just part of¬†linguistic evolution to tweak¬†a definition in this way, but the danger with this particular euphemism¬†is that it seems to be¬†commonly used to blunt the reality of one dog showing¬†aggressive reactions towards other dogs¬†and suggesting to owners it is something other than aggression. Sometimes those barking and lunging reactions are aggressive, sometimes they aren’t. For the owner of the dog that lunges and barks out of frustration and/or excitement (often labelled as ‘reactive’) it could perhaps be doing them a disservice. They may not want their dog’s behaviour to be lumped in together with dogs that want to bite and threaten other dogs.

I guess time will tell if it becomes a more precisely defined term or whether it simply falls out of favour.